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Why do I need to include citation information?
- Proper use of information citations is an important part of the scholarly process. Try to think of scholarship as a conversation; properly used citations allow all participants to follow the conversation by directing the reader to the sources of ideas.
- As scholars, we build on the works of others in our fields, and we must acknowledge those works when we use them, either through direct quotations or paraphrasing of ideas
- Proper citations include both in-text citations and works cited/references pages
When do I need to include an in-text citation?
- When directly quoting from a referenced source (direct quotes must be enclosed in quotation marks)
- When paraphrasing an idea or concept from a referenced source (while paraphrased ideas do not need to be enclosed in quotation marks, they must still be cited)
- Information that would be considered common knowledge (water freezes at 32 degrees, World War II ended in 1945) do not have to be cited.
Account Requirements: a free account (register using your wvwc.edu e-mail address) is required to access and use RefWorks.
RefWorks is an online research management, writing and collaboration tool. It is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.
This subscription product is the only reference management tool supported by the AMP Library. RefWorks is available for use by students, faculty, staff, and alumni of WVWC.
A free web tool, Citation Machine automatically generates citations in MLA, APA, Chicago, and Turabian.
CiteULike is a free service to help you to store, organize and share the scholarly papers you are reading. When you see a paper on the web that interests you, you can click one button and have it added to your personal library. CiteULike automatically extracts the citation details, so there's no need to type them in yourself. It all works from within your web browser so there's no need to install any software. Because your library is stored on the server, you can access it from any computer with an Internet connection.
A product of Calvin College, KnightCite is a free citation tool which generates citations in MLA, APA, or Chicago style.
Mendeley is a free tool for organizing, sharing, and using information resources that is part bibliographic manager and part academic social network. Basic functions are included with a free account, but advanced features require a paid account.
RefME is a free citation service that helps students to organize and cite information sources. RefME has available iOS and Android apps, as well as a Chrome plugin.
Zotero is a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. Zotero works best with the Firefox browser, but now also includes a standalone module that works with other browsers as well.
Need to check your citations or cite an uncommon resource type? Find help with citation styles here!
Official American Psychological Association site for APA style.
Chicago Manual of Style
Official site for the Chicago Manual Style, including both notes and bibliography and author-date options.
Council of Science Editors' Quick Start Guide
This guide helps introduce students in biology and environmental science to the citation style used in their disciplines. Use the Name-Year guidelines for citing sources.
Official Modern Language Association site for MLA style.
OWL @ Purdue (Purdue Online Writing Lab)
The premier web resource for MLA and APA citations, paper formatting, and more. OWL also includes tips on writing, citing, and research.
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